Artificial Intelligence - Pushtii
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Artificial Intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence?

In simple words, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a computer system that can perform tasks which generally require intelligence of a human being. It is a simulation of processes by machines which are ordinarily performed by human’s intellect.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. These processes include learning (the acquisition of information and rules for using the information), reasoning (using rules to reach approximate or definite conclusions) and self-correction. Particular applications of AI include expert systems, speech recognition and machine vision.

AI can be categorized as either weak or strong. Weak AI, also known as narrow AI, is an AI system that is designed and trained for a particular task. Virtual personal assistants, such as Apple’s Siri, are a form of weak AI. Strong AI, also known as artificial general intelligence, is an AI system with generalized human cognitive abilities. When presented with an unfamiliar task, a strong AI system is able to find a solution without human intervention.

Because hardware, software and staffing costs for AI can be expensive, many vendors are including AI components in their standard offerings, as well as access to Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) platforms. AI as a Service allows individuals and companies to experiment with AI for various business purposes and sample multiple platforms before making a commitment. Popular AI cloud offerings include Amazon AI services, IBM Watson Assistant, Microsoft Cognitive Services and Google AI services.

While AI tools present a range of new functionality for businesses ,the use of artificial intelligence raises ethical questions. This is because deep learning algorithms, which underpin many of the most advanced AI tools, are only as smart as the data they are given in training. Because a human selects what data should be used for training an AI program, the potential for human bias is inherent and must be monitored closely.

Some industry experts believe that the term artificial intelligence is too closely linked to popular culture, causing the general public to have unrealistic fears about artificial intelligence and improbable expectations about how it will change the workplace and life in general. Researchers and marketers hope the label augmented intelligence, which has a more neutral connotation, will help people understand that AI will simply improve products and services, not replace the humans that use them.

Application of AI and ML in various sectors

In the present world, AI can be seen in every sector revolving around us. It can solve many problems which we face while doing complex tasks. From intelligent cars to shower thermostat, pretty much everything is artificially intelligent in some manner. In this world dominated by millennials, everything seems to work only on autopilot. Below are a few sectors in which it is extensively in use:

Healthcare

Healthcare industries are applying AI for precise and faster diagnosis better than humans. It can come to conclusions without direct human intervention. AI can identify the disease and its course by means of advanced Radiology, Imaging, Telehealth and E-Health Records. Nursing and intensive care also use AI to monitor patient’s health and administer medications on a pre-set routine.

Automotive

Automotive industries started applying AI for enhanced performance since the 1980s. Aircraft autopilot is older, dating back to 1912. Presently, many renowned companies have created many models of autonomous cars. We already use driver assistant and route suggestions on the map. The autonomous long-distance trucks are expected to make it quicker to the common marketplace.

Entertainment

360⁰ viewing, live gaming, VR, etc. have become highly common with a personalised experience for users.

Environment and Agriculture

Smart greenhouses are helping farmers with individual crop sensors. Soilless farming and aquaponics would not have been possible without AI. Plant picturing and its status, satellite imaging, carbon sensors, and smart solar panels are to name a few among eco-friendly options.

Travel

Autonomous tourist cabs, robotic receptionists, hotel room view on augmented reality apps, chatbots, data processors and analysers, and personalised customer services are giving smart travel a better edge at reduced costs.

Others

Grammar checker, social media feeds, spam filter, face recognition, email autofill replies, sorting homogenous images, product recommendation on e-commerce websites, playlists with similar songs, notification of unusual financial transactions,  and personal assistants are other uses to name a few. If you are typing “finish my today’s job” in the Cortana search box (“Ask me anything”), you are neither insane nor alone. AI and ML have developed so much that asking for this little favour is not much.